Chiropractic is a health care discipline, which emphasizes the inherent recuperative power of the body to heal itself without the use of drugs or surgery. All cells and parts of the body are under the direct influence of the nervous system. The spinal column is comprised of 24 movable segments, and plays an integral part in human functioning as it protects the spinal cord. The spinal cord and the brain forms the central nervous system. The central nervous system controls and coordinates all bodily functions by sending large nerve roots to the organs and body structures through small openings between the vertebrae.
Doctors of Chiropractic are uniquely trained in the detection and correction of “vertebral subluxations”, misalignments along the joints of the vertebral column that impede nerve impulses. Because of this, the spinal adjustment plays a crucial role in the recovery of a patient. The spinal adjustment is the most common therapeutic method that a chiropractor uses to treat patients. The purpose of manipulation is to restore joint mobility by applying a manual controlled force to joints that have become restricted in their movement due to tissue injury. Tissue injury can be caused by a single traumatic event, such as the impact from a car accident, or through repetitive stresses, such as sitting in an awkward position with poor spinal posture for an extended period of time. Injured tissues undergo physical and chemical changes that can cause inflammation, pain, and diminished function. Thus, chiropractic is a health care science that focuses on disorders of the musculoskeletal and nervous systems, and the effects of these disorders on general health.
Doctors of Chiropractic practice a drug-free, hands-on approach to health care that includes patient examination, diagnosis and treatment. Chiropractors have broad diagnostic skills and are also trained to recommend therapeutic and rehabilitative exercises. Chiropractors will refer patients to the appropriate health care provider when chiropractic care is not suitable for the patient’s condition, or the condition warrants co-management with other allied health professionals.